Japan Water Agency (JWA) and Asian Development Bank (ADB) jointly started a collaboration project in the Asian region to provide technical assistance in water security improvement. This is based on the letter of intent (LOI), signed by ADB President Haruhiko Kuroda and JWA President Toshiki Aoyama on 12 January 2009, for collaboration in strengthening in IWRM in river basins through investment projects and demonstration projects that can be replicated in the region.
After an intensive process of concretizing the LOI, both organizations finally reached an agreement to officially start a regional technical assistance project. The Partnership Agreement on Supporting Investment in Water Security in River Basins (PA) was concluded on 15 November 2010. The PA was signed by three representatives – Director General Xianbin Yao of the ADB Regional and Sustainable Development Department, Director General Juichi Kamimura of the JWA Water Resources Engineering Department, and NARBO Secretary General Katsuaki Kawano.
The project is officially called “Regional Capacity Development Technical Assistance (R-CDTA) 7547: Supporting Investment in Water Security in River Basins” and scheduled to be carried out until May 2012. The project cost is funded by ADB using Japan Special Fund (JSF) , part of which will be provided to JWA to cover the necessary expense. JWA also will provide any expertise from its longstanding IWRM experience.
The project comprises two components; *(i) preparation for future investment programs, and *(ii) in-country and regional capacity development. It focuses on water security improvement in the Solo River in Indonesia, the Bagmati River in Nepal, and the Syr Darya River in Uzbekistan. Regional exchange of information and experience and knowledge networking will also be facilitated so that lessons learned can be shared in the region. The role of JWA is to offer technical assistance that will help each country make effective investment for water security in the future, and to facilitate regional exchange of information and experience and knowledge networking among NARBO members and ADB’s
developing member countries (DMCs) through regional workshops and NARBO activities.
Some of the key activities included in the first component are as follows:
In Indonesia, the project is expected to provide
In Nepal, the project is expected to
In Uzbekistan, the project will aim to
reinforcement of existing water facilities, including proper maintenance practices (pilot facilities to be selected among dams or others) and an investment project to rehabilitate the facilities;
modernization of the monitoring system for water resources management, including hydrological and meteorological monitoring systems, and preparation and implementation of an investment plan to modernize the system; and
improved management of the supply-side facilities for effective water use, including development of sound procedures for maintenance of reservoirs, canals, and control structures.
The second component will help counterpart agencies in the participating countries to develop ownership and capacity to plan and implement their IWRM investment programs. Regional exchange of information and experience and knowledge networking will also be facilitated through regional workshops and NARBO activities so that lessons learned in the project and NARBO members can be shared in the region.
JWA and ADB have already made some initial visits to Nepal and Uzbekistan, and discussed with key counterparts detailed activities for smooth implementation. Also some experts have been invited from Nepal to participate in the 4th NARBO General Meeting in Indonesia.
JWA will contribute to the project for the next one and a half years and will report the progress of the project through the NARBO website and newsletters.